Thomas Madden describes the world that formed medieval politics: “The Inquisition was not born out of desire to crush diversity or oppress people; it was rather an attempt to stop unjust executions. Yes, you read that correctly. Heresy was a crime against the state. Roman law in the Code of Justinian made it a capital offense. Rulers, whose authority was believed to come from God, had no patience for heretics”. The monarchs decided to introduce the Inquisition to Castile to discover and punish crypto-Jews, and requested the pope’s assent. Ferdinand II of Aragon pressured Pope Sixtus IV to agree to an Inquisition controlled by the monarchy by threatening to withdraw military support at a time when the Turks were a threat to Rome. The pope issued a bull to stop the Inquisition but was pressured into withdrawing it. On 1 November 1478, Pope Sixtus IV published the Papal bull, Exigit Sinceras Devotionis Affectus, through which he gave the monarchs exclusive authority to name the inquisitors in their kingdoms. The first two inquisitors, Miguel de Morillo and Juan de San Martín, were not named, however, until two years later, on 27 September 1480 in Medina del Campo.
- that, in withdrawing from the world into their own communal life, they elevated man-made monastic vows of poverty, chastity and obedience above the God-given vows of sacramental baptism; and elevated man-made monastic rules for religious life above the God-given teachings of the Gospels;
- that, notwithstanding exceptional communities of genuine austere life and exemplary charity, the overwhelming majority of abbeys and priories were havens for idle drones; concerned only for their own existence, reserving for themselves an excessive share of the commonwealth’s religious assets, and contributing little or nothing to the spiritual needs of ordinary people;
- that the monasteries, almost without exception, were heavily involved in promoting and profiting from the veneration of relics, in the form of pilgrimages and purported miraculous tokens. The cult of relics was by no means specific to monasteries, but Erasmus was scandalised by the extent to which well-educated and highly regarded monks and nuns would participate in the perpetration of obvious frauds against gullible and credulous lay believers.
- Nixon directed Treasury Secretary Connally to suspend, with certain exceptions, the convertibility of the dollar into gold or other reserve assets, ordering the gold window to be closed such that foreign governments could no longer exchange their dollars for gold.
- Nixon issued Executive Order 11615 (pursuant to the Economic Stabilization Act of 1970), imposing a 90-day freeze on wages and prices in order to counter inflation. This was the first time the U.S. government enacted wage and price controls since World War II.
- An import surcharge of 10 percent was set to ensure that American products would not be at a disadvantage because of the expected fluctuation in exchange rates.
Quiqgley Dismisses Marx as well but I would say the period from 1966 when the Book was published to now has actually seen history moving more in Marx’s favour.
If most Libertarians identify with the Austrian School, what Quiggley has to say about German(Teutonic) Nobility and also my earlier comment about Frank Harris is quite interesting vis the German Nobility versus the British Oligarchy and Aristocracy. The distinctions are subtle on paper but the social fabric of different cultures is a great driver of what ultimately provides the straw that breaks the camels back, the Masses under most systems are pretty much ignored always.
Libertarianism in the US is quite different i think to its conception in Europe and in Europe its conception in England, France or Germany would be very different to each other and of course to that of an American context. I do wonder how different its conception is in the US. Quiqqley is very good in bringing out the Southern states and their mistrust of Republicanism post the civil war and the machinations of the Oligarchy to get control of the US congress without the South. There is a Libertarian Party in the US, so its perfectly easy to look at its manifesto, Ron Paul is its most well known representative I think this side of the pond, some of us remember Ross Perot, His running mate was I recall a Famous Stoic philisophically, always a plus point for me given my weakness for Epictetus.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-g1TaYYGv8Q This Ron Paul speech is interesting, also this article in which Skousen and Quiggley discuss interpretation of Tragedy and hope in The Naked Capitalist, Ron Pauls is Skaussian in a Naked Capitalist sense. Paul has his own Agenda to advance and dissembles as much as Clinton I think, The American problem is huge , that we seem to be adopting their customs in politics is hugely worrying.
expressed in money, is called “prices,” while the value of money, expressed in goods, is
called “value.” p.49 (Commercial Capitalism) Quiqqley shows how Bankers make the distinction and real power lays in the Value of money and not the prices of goods. Ruskin who Quiqqley cites as a huge influence on the Round Table and Rhodes etc ( Clinton Rhodes Scholar) says this in Unto this last. John Ruskin, Unto this Last 1860, Critique of Classical Political Economy.
made their money, or how, on occasion, they lost it. Playing a
long-practised game, they are familiar with the chances of its
cards, and can rightly explain their losses and gains. But they
neither know who keeps the bank of the gambling-house, nor what
other games may be played with the same cards, nor what other
losses and gains, far away among the dark streets, are
essentially, though invisibly, dependent on theirs in the lighted
rooms. They have learned a few, and only a few, of the laws of
mercantile economy; but not one of those of political economy.´´
https://notthegrubstreetjournal.com/2014/08/25/government-of-the-poor-by-the-rich-for-the-corporations/ . My notes are evolving regarding the clear lapse back into 19th Century classical Liberalism, the present Neo Liberal Ideology seems sadly to apply all of the lessons which do not bear repeating and ignores all the ones which Quiggley warns against. If Clintons application of Quiggleys own Hopes were judged by his results I think the Viva voce ( practical examination sense) )would see Clinton Failing the course) .
´´but criticism should have been directed rather at the hypocrisy and lack
of realism in the ideals of the wartime propaganda and at the lack of honesty of the chief negotiators in carrying on the pretense that these ideals were still in effect while they violated them daily, and necessarily violated them. The settlements were clearly made by secret negotiations, by the Great Powers exclusively, and by power politics. They had to be. No settlements could ever have been made on any other bases. The failure of the chief negotiators (at least the Anglo-Americans) to admit this is regrettable, but behind their
reluctance to admit it is the even more regrettable fact that the lack of political experience and political education of the American and English electorates made it dangerous for the negotiators to admit the facts of life in international political relationships.”