In social psychology, fundamental attribution error (FAE), also known as correspondence bias or attribution effect, is the tendency for people to under-emphasize situational explanations for an individual’s observed behavior while over-emphasizing dispositional and personality-based explanations for their behavior. This effect has been described as “the tendency to believe that what people do reflects who they are”.
Ross Ashby was one of the original members of the Ratio Club, a small informal dining club of young psychologists, physiologists, mathematicians and engineers who met to discuss issues in cybernetics. The club was founded in 1949 by the neurologist John Bates and continued to meet until 1958.
The title of his book An Introduction to Cybernetics popularised the usage of the term ‘cybernetics’ to refer to self-regulating systems, originally coined by Norbert Wiener in Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the Machine.
The book dealt primarily with homeostatic processes within living organisms, rather than in an engineering or electronic context.
Earlier, in 1946, Alan Turing wrote a letter to Ashby suggesting that Ashby use Turing’s Automatic Computing Engine (ACE) for his experiments instead of building a special machine. In 1948, Ashby made the Homeostat.
Its a question of Connections which are made or what are called edge cases in programming David,
Our sentience give us edge cases which lead us to jump outside of the box, the ting of it is that accepting the unknowable is what makes us potentially intelligent
machine learning or artificial intelligence is pretty much insane by definition in my opinion.
Emergence is the thing!
at 54 minutes is the Beer anecdote I told you about on gut feeling and wicked problems
Stafford Beer explains to a group of students his relationship with Cybernetics, the Science of Control and Communications in the animal and the machine.
Got the details a bit wrong but the punchline regarding gut feeling.
“Follow a hunch” and if you don’t have a hunch toss a coin, the only rational thing to do.
worth watching the full thing.
one last one on Euler’s number.
PS Heavily influenced by pages 167 and following in Tversky’s book.
42. When any person harms you, or speaks badly of you, remember that he acts or speaks from a supposition of its being his duty. Now, it is not possible that he should follow what appears right to you, but what appears so to himself. Therefore, if he judges from a wrong appearance, he is the person hurt, since he too is the person deceived. For if anyone should suppose a true proposition to be false, the proposition is not hurt, but he who is deceived about it. Setting out, then, from these principles, you will meekly bear a person who reviles you, for you will say upon every occasion, “It seemed so to him.”