# Report on Probability A. The Mathematics of Language, The Mandelbrot Set, And Whole system Perturbation. #Pelagius #Neitzsche #Mirlees #Fullmeister #Hoyle #Alven #Leibnitz #Chomsky @wiki_ballot #4Pamphleteers @GrubStreetJorno @wiki_ballot @financialeyes @JoeBlob20

´´every living thing can become healthy, strong and fruitful only within a horizon; if it is incapable of
drawing a horizon around itself or, on the other hand, too selfish to
restrict its vision to the limits of a horizon drawn by another, it will wither
away feebly or overhastily to its early demise. Cheerfulness, clear conscience,
the carefree deed, faith in the future, all this depends in the case of an individual as well as of a people, on there being a line which distinguishes what is clear and in full view from the dark and unilluminable; it depends on one’s being able to forget at the right time as
well as to remember at the right time; on discerning with strong instinctual
feelings when there is need to experience historically and when unhistorically.
Precisely this is the proposition the reader is invited to consider:
the unhistorical and the historical are equally necessary for the health of
an individual, a people and a culture. ”
Friedrich Nietzsche: 1844-1900
ON THE ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGEOF HISTORY FOR LIFE

https://notthegrubstreetjournal.com/2019/01/22/beyond-probability-actors-in-history/

Doing more with less. Financialised capitalism is not very good at it. It is a question of adapting the Pricing of Markets in a token which reflects the resources available and their alternative potentials.
The “opportunity cost of Energy invested” as opposed to the energy cost of energy invested.

https://notthegrubstreetjournal.com/2020/02/28/164-a-bolt-from-the-grey/

# Eulers Number, Eric Dollard Nicola Tesla, and Maxwell, The Exponential, the spiral, and the humble Right Angle. #GrubStreetJournal @Wiki_Ballot

This is a Three and a half-hour lecture I have probably watched it in full 5 times, as I have a photographic memory it is unusual for me to read or watch anything more than twice.

Why this Eric Dollard lecture is so important is that it makes two very important points about Magnetic Fields and Electric Currents.
The first is that Electricity does not flow through or within a copper wire or whatever material it is conducted “((Through(sic), Around))” conductor, it flows or propagates around them bounded by the insulator field, the other is that an electric current always flows precisely at right angles to the field
This bit.
“The Forgotten part of Maxwell’s Work
178:30
concerns two types of waves one
178:33
is transverse okay a transverse wave is
178:36
like waves on the surface of the ocean
178:38
okay there has to be a boundary and the
178:42
motion of the matter or the ether or
178:46
whatever deal you’re dealing with
178:48
there’s always at right angles to where
178:51
the wave is going okay ”

Dollard’s story is a remarkable one this lecture represents his life’s work in putting together the fragments of Nicola Tesla’s work.

The above Empirical fact regarding electromagnetism explains I would submit this. That is Eulers Number.

On Dons Point above about Homeostasis, for the same reasons that Dollard’s revelations regarding ELectricity and Teslas Discoveries are dangerous to vested interests so it is with Micro Fages.
And the story of GC Maff.

https://everipedia.org/wiki/lang_en/GcMAF/

The Mathematics of Language Marcus Kracht Department of Linguistics UCLA PO Box 951543 450 Hilgard Avenue Los Angeles, CA 90095–1543 USA Printed Version September 16, 200

https://linguistics.ucla.edu/people/Kracht/courses/compling2-2007/formal.pdf

A sign σ is defined here as a triple e c m , where e is the exponent of σ,
which typically is a string, c the (syntactic) category of σ, and m its meaning. By this convention a string is connected via the language with a set of
meanings. Given a set Σ of signs, e means m in Σ if and only if (= iff) there
is a category c such that e c m Σ. Seen this way, the task of language
theory is not only to say which are the legitimate exponents of signs (as we
find in the theory of formal languages as well as many treatises on generative
linguistics which generously define language to be just syntax) but it must
also say which string can have what meaning. The heart of the discussion is
formed by the principle of compositionality, which in its weakest formulation
says that the meaning of a string (or other exponent) is found by homomorphically mapping its analysis into the semantics.

A system of signs is a partial algebra of signs. This means that it is a pair Σ M , where Σ is a set of signs and M a finite set, the set of so–called modes (of composition). Standardly, one assumes M to have only one nonconstant mode, a binary function !, which allows one to form a sign σ1 ! σ2 from two signs σ1 and σ2 . The modes are generally partial operations. The action of ! is explained by defining its action on the three components of the respective signs. We give a simple example. Suppose we have the following signs. “$#&%(‘)+*-, #&%’.) v ρ “$/01%23*-, /04% 2 n π Here, v and n are the syntactic categories (intransitive) verb and proper name, respectively. π is a constant, which denotes an individual, namely Paul, and ρ is a function from individuals to the set of truth values, which typically is the set 5 0 1 6 . (Furthermore, ρ 7 x 8 , 1 if and only if x is running.) On the level of exponents we choose word concatenation, which is string concatenation (denoted by 9 ) with an intervening blank. (Perfectionists will also add the period at the end…) On the level of meanings we choose function application. Finally, let : be a partial function which is only defined if the first argument is n and the second is v and which in this case yields the value t. Now we put e1 c1 m1 !; e2 c2 m2 :, e9 1 < 9 e2 c1 : c2 m2 7 m1 8= Then “$/04% 23* ! “#>%’)* is a sign, and it has the following form. “$/01%23* ! “#>%’.)+* :, /01%2?#&%(‘) t ρ 7 π 8= We shall say that this sentence is true if and only if ρ 7 π 8 , 1; otherwise we say that it is false. We hasten to add that “/04%2@* ! “/04% 23* is not a sign. So, ! is indeed a partial operation. The key construct is the free algebra generated by the constant modes alone. This algebra is called the algebra of structure terms. The structure terms can be generated by a simple context free grammar. However, not every structure term names a sign. Since the algebras of exponents, categories and meanings are partial algebras, it is in general not possible to define a homomorphism from the algebra of structure terms into the algebra of signs. All we can get is a partial homomorphism. In addition, the exponents are not always strings and the operations between them not only concatenation. Hence the defined languages can be very complex (indeed, every recursively enumerable language Σ can be so generated).

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Center_embedding

## Effective and ineffective embedding

Embedding can be used when two clauses share a common category and can expand a sentence. It is not effective when optional categories are used to create extensive embedding in a sentence.

### Example of effective embedding

My brother opened the window. The maid had closed it. -The common category is the window. So this sentence can be expanded to become My brother opened the window the maid had closed.

### Example of ineffective embedding

• My brother opened the window the maid the janitor Uncle Bill had hired had married had closed.

There is no common category for this sentence. So it should be broken up into multiple sentences to make sense to the reader:

• My brother opened the window the maid had closed. She was the one who had married the janitor Uncle Bill had hired.

A center embedded sentence is difficult to comprehend when a relative clause is embedded in another relative clause. Comprehension becomes easier when the types of clause are different – when a complement clause is embedded in a relative clause or when a relative clause is embedded in a complement clause. For example: The man who heard that the dog had been killed on the radio ran away.

You can tell if a sentence is center embedded or edge embedded depending on where the brackets are located in the sentence.

1. [Joe believes [Mary thinks [John is handsome.]]]
2. The cat [that the dog [that the man hit] chased] meowed.

In sentence (1), all of the brackets are located on the right, so this sentence is right-embedded. In sentence (2), the brackets are located inside the sentence spaced throughout.

Report on Probability A is a science fiction novel by Brian Aldiss. The novel was completed in 1962 but was rejected by publishers in the United Kingdom, France and the United States[1] and was eventually published in 1967 in New Worlds, which described it as “perhaps his most brilliant work to date”.[2] The novel has also been described as an antinovel and is a seminal work in the British New Wave of experimental science fiction that began appearing in New Worlds following the appointment of Michael Moorcock as editor in 1964. A revised and extended version was published by Faber and Faber in 1968[3] and Doubleday in 1969.[4]

According to Aldiss, the idea for the novel came from the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and its corollary that “observation alters what is observed”. Taking this as his starting point, Aldiss “sat down to construct a fiction in which everything was observation within observation, and no ultimate reference point existed”.[5] The novel also incorporates several related concepts in quantum physics, notably the many-worlds interpretation and different frames of reference, and its philosophical theme is indicated in the epigram, which quotes Goethe:

Do not, I beg you, look for anything behind phenomena. They are themselves their own lesson.

The novel has been compared to the work of Samuel BeckettJorge Luis BorgesFlann O’Brien and Alain Robbe-Grillet though its reception by readers has been polarised, with some railing against it and others hailing it as a cult classic. The novel is eloquently summarised by Paul Di Filippo who wrote that “an infinite regress of cosmic voyeurs seems to center around an enigmatic painting, as the French nouveau roman movement invades science fiction”.[6]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_of_operations

In mathematics and computer programming, the order of operations (or operator precedence) is a collection of rules that reflect conventions about which procedures to perform first in order to evaluate a given mathematical expression.

For example, in mathematics and most computer languages, multiplication is granted a higher precedence than addition, and it has been this way since the introduction of modern algebraic notation.[1][2] Thus, the expression 2 + 3 × 4 is interpreted to have the value 2 + (3 × 4) = 14, not (2 + 3) × 4 = 20. With the introduction of exponents in the 16th and 17th centuries, they were given precedence over both addition and multiplication and could be placed only as a superscript to the right of their base.[1] Thus 3 + 52 = 28 and 3 × 52 = 75.

These conventions exist to eliminate ambiguity while allowing notation to be as brief as possible. Where it is desired to override the precedence conventions, or even simply to emphasize them, parentheses ( ) (sometimes replaced by brackets [ ] or braces { } for readability) can indicate an alternate order or reinforce the default order to avoid confusion. For example, (2 + 3) × 4 = 20 forces addition to precede multiplication, and (3 + 5)2 = 64 forces addition to precede exponentiation.

Parts: The Clonus Horror, also known as The Clonus Horror, or simply Clonus, is a 1979 science fiction horror film directed by Robert S. Fiveson. It stars Peter Graves, Tim Donnelly, Dick SargentKeenan Wynn, Paulette Breen, and Frank Ashmore. The film is about an isolated community in a remote desert area, where clones are bred to serve as a source of replacement organs for the wealthy and powerful. The production cost of the movie was $257,000.[1] The film won a Saturn Award at the 7th Saturn Awards, nationally televised in July 1980, in the category Best Film Produced for Under$1,000,000.

Parts: The Clonus Horror was featured on the comedy television series Mystery Science Theater 3000 in 1997. In 2005, the creators of Clonus filed a lawsuit against DreamWorks Pictures for copyright infringement for their film The Island, citing numerous similarities between the two works. The two parties reached a settlement, with the amount settled being seven-figures and other specific terms being court sealed.

https://notthegrubstreetjournal.com/2020/01/07/energy-economics-energy-statistical-turn-in-physics-atomism-reductionism-club-of-rome-claes-johnson-steinmetz-ironside-maxwell-electronic-universe-alfven-hoyle-wolfram-computation-applie/

https://claesjohnson.blogspot.com/2013/11/standard-calculus-as-ill-posed-unstable.html

## MÅNDAG 11 NOVEMBER 2013

### Standard Calculus as Ill-Posed Unstable Backward Magic

Jacques Hadamard (1865-1963) was a gentle man with strong opinions on mathematics.

Previous posts on the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus have exposed two approaches to the connection between primitive function/integral x(t)derivative Dx=dxdt and integrand v(t) connected by the equations:

1. Dx(t)=v(t)
2. x(t)=t0v(s)ds.
In the standard approach as presented in e.g. the standard text book Calculus: A Complete Course by Adamsand Essex, the integral x(t) as an area under the graph tv(t) is the primary given object and the proof of the Fundamental Theorem consists of showing that x(t) satisfies the differential equation Dx=v.
In the BodyandSoul approach the primary given object is the differential equation Dx=v with v given data and x unknown to determine, and the proof of the Fundamental theorem consists of showing that this equation can be solved by time stepping producing the integral x(t) as the solution. The process from input data v(t) to output solution x(t) by solving Dx=v by time stepping, is well-posed or stable in the sense that small perturbations of data or solution process results in small perturbations of the solution x(t).
The mathematician Hadamard identified well-posednessand stability to be a necessary requirement in order for a mathematical problem to be meaningful, in the sense that a meaningful solution can be found. The process of integration from integrand v(t) to integral x(t) is well-posed and meaningful.
On the other hand, the process from integral/primitive function x(t) to derivative Dx(t), is ill-posed and unstable, in the sense that small perturbations in x(t) may give rise to large perturbations in the derivative, because
• Dx(t)=limΔt0x(t+Δt)x(t)Δt
and a small perturbation in x(t+Δt) or x(t) gets divided by the quantity Δt tending to zero and thus gets amplified by the large factor 1/Δt. The standard approach to the Fundamental Theorem puts the emphasis on the ill-posed or unstable process of differentiation.
We sum up as follows:
1. The standard approach to the Fundamental Theorem is ill-posed, unstable and of questionable meaning. As illposed problem it rests on symbolic mathematics of infinite precision, which appears as magics.
2. The approach in BodyandSoul is well-posed, stable and clearly meaningful. As well-posed problem it can be solved by numerical mathematics in finite precision, which is reasonable and not magics.
These aspects would be possible to discuss constructively with the man on the street, but may be very difficult to present to a teacher of standard Calculus for which Adams’ book is the bible.

## DAG 25 AUGUSTI 2015

### Finite Element Quantum Mechanics 1: Listening to Bohm

David Bohm discusses in the concluding chapter of Quantum Theory the relationship between quantum and classical physics, stating the following charcteristics of classical physics:

1. The world can be analysed into distinct elements.
2. The state of each element can be described in terms of dynamical variables that are specified with arbitrarily high precision.
3. The interrelationship between parts of a system can be described with the aid of exact casual was that define the changes of the above dynamical variables with time in terms of their initial values. The behavior of the system as a whole can be regarded as the result of the interaction by its parts.
If we here replace, “arbitrarily high precision” and  “exact” with “finite precision”, the description 1-3 can be viewed as a description of
• the finite element method
• as digital physics as digital computation with finite precision
• as mathematical simulation of real physics as analog computation with finite precision.

# The Oscillation of interconnectedness?

Supertoys Last All Summer Long” is a science fiction short story by Brian Aldiss, first published in UK edition of Harper’s Bazaar, in December 1969 issue.[1] The story deals with humanity in an age of intelligent machines and of the aching loneliness endemic in an overpopulated future where child creation is controlled.

# Unified theory of all the corporate Bull shit lies damned lies and statistics

https://notthegrubstreetjournal.com/2011/05/17/unified-theory-of-all-the-corporate-bull-shit-lies-damned-lies-and-statistics/

Distinction.

What things are and what things are about

Contextual Conceptualist

singular duality

duplicitous dichotomy

essentially Ironic

Plastic Plurality

a busmans journey
selling coals to newcastle

Travellers gathering knowledge
Tourists consuming

“computer codes”
“Computer codes” is currently in the lede twice. Do we mean algorithm? Computer program ? Pedro :  Chat  19:28, 16 September 2010 (UTC)
Definitely not algorithm. “Computer codes” covers a broader type of model; algorithm would just be a way of doing one particular bit William M. Connolley (talk) 21:33, 16 September 2010 (UTC)
Good points. “Process” maybe? Or “system(s)”? Either are surely better “computer codes”. Pedro :  Chat  21:44, 16 September 2010 (UTC)
The wording appears awkward, so I will try to patch. Feel free to correct my changes! rewinn (talk) 05:05, 27 April 2011 (UTC)
soros influence

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