The Oligarchical temper would seem to consist in a love of authority, covetous, not of gain, but of power.
The Oligarch is one who, when the people are deliberating whom they shall associate with the archon as joint directors of the procession, will come forward and express his opinion that these directors ought to have plenary powers; and, if others propose ten, he will say that ‘one is sufficient,’ but that ‘he must be a man.’. Of Homer’s poetry, he has mastered only this line, —
No good comes of a manifold rule; let the ruler be one:
of the rest, he is absolutely ignorant.
Roger G Lewis
Apr 15, 2022 6:44 PM
The Chartist Movement
“the chartered rights of men.”
The charters, which we call by distinction great, are public instruments of this nature; I mean the charters of King John and King Henry the Third. The things secured by these instruments may, without any deceitful ambiguity, be very fitly called the chartered rights of men.
These charters have made the very name of a charter dear to the heart of every Englishman—But, Sir, there may be, and there are charters, not only different in nature, but formed on principles the very reverse of those of the great charter. Of this kind is the charter of the East India Company. Magna charta is a charter to restrain power, and to destroy monopoly. The East India charter is a charter to establish monopoly, and to create power. Political power and commercial mono∣poly are not the rights of men; and the rights to them derived from charters, it is fallacious and sophistical to call
The Dramatised closing argument whether based on Erskines’ actual performance or not certainly can’t do him much of an injustice.
Gentlemen of the jury, When we speak of liberty we speak of the liberty of thought and speech and action that every Englishman was born with. It is not a thing granted to him by the King and his counselors and so not to be taken from him by those counselors. It must never be taken from him!
Beware of the role this trial will play in the history of our nation. Be aware that if the prosecution have their way each one of you will be seen as a criminal first and a Citizen second. Be aware that powers ceded to the government in times of fear are rarely removed from statute. The power of the government to arrest and imprison a man without charge, this removal of his right to know what he is accused of if, it achieves its aim today, be sure it will stay. Be aware that if this imperfect trial finds this man guilty 800 more will be given the same unjust treatment. 800 whose names are on this list.
It is the good fortune of the Government and its secret committees that it fell into my safe hands. 800 warrants for the arrest of innocent men, assumed to be guilty. Some of those names are in this court today. I see names here of those in the public gallery, names of others on the lawyer’s bench, I even see my own name among them, there is even the name of one sat before me in the jury.
Be aware that if you send this man to the gallows today you should be prepared to follow him tomorrow. I trust in God you will give your verdict of acquittal for the prisoner.
The article is a long article and an interesting argument for a greek ideal. Whilst much can be taken from the greek and indeed Roman efforts of perfecting their republics we are in the modern age neither Greeks nor Romans.
Perhaps the more modern take of Thomas Paine brings matters closer to our modern western sensibilities at least.
Human rights originate in Nature; thus, rights cannot be granted via political charter, because that implies that rights are legally revocable, hence, would be privileges:… It is a perversion of terms to say that a charter gives rights. It operates by a contrary effect—that of taking rights away. Rights are inherently in all the inhabitants; but charters, by annulling those rights, in the majority, leave the right, by exclusion, in the hands of a few … They … consequently are instruments of injustice … The fact, therefore, must be that the individuals, themselves, each, in his own personal and sovereign right, entered into a contract with each other to produce a government: and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise, and the only principle on which they have a right to exist.
— Rights of Man, I, London, 1795, pp. 125–126, Rights of Man, II, London, 1795, p. 13.
Roger G Lewis
Apr 16, 2022 6:15 AM
“the chartered rights of men.”. Burke, and The East India Company Charter. Thomas Paine the trial of common sense! SOme Pamphleteer memorabilia.
I was in this respect greatly impressed with the confession of one of the most accomplished readers and excellent critics that any author could have fallen in with (the unfortunate Joseph Gerald). He told me that he had received my book late one evening, and had read through the three volumes before he closed his eyes. Thus, what had cost me twelve months’ labour, ceaseless heartaches and industry, now sinking in despair, and now roused and sustained in unusual energy, he went over in a few hours, shut the book, laid himself on his pillow, slept, and was refreshed, and cried,
“Tomorrow to fresh woods and pastures new.”
The work begins with a list of eight principles which are expounded throughout the work. Generally, the principles can each be summarized as follows:
1. The object of moral and political discourse is how to maximize the amount and variety of pleasure and happiness.
Roger G Lewis
Apr 16, 2022 6:27 AM
Reply to Roger G Lewis
The People Who Run the Country, The People who own the World.
Roger G Lewis
Apr 16, 2022 6:42 AM
Reply to Roger G Lewis
The Iron Law of Oligarchy
‘Democracy is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political
decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a
competitive struggle for the people’s vote’.” Joseph Schumpeter, Quoted
from Roy Madron, Super Competent Democracies who in turn Cites.
“Participation, and Democratic Theory” by Carole Pateman. Dr Pateman
says that, Schumpeter and his followers: … set the current
Anglo-American political system as our democratic ideal (with) a
‘democratic theory’ that in many respects bears a strange resemblance to
the anti-democratic arguments of the last (i.e. 19th) century. No
longer is democratic theory centred on the participation of ‘the
people’; in the contemporary theory of democracy it is the participation
of the minority elite that is crucial and the non-participation of
the apathetic, ordinary man lacking in the feelings of political efficacy,
that is regarded as the main bulwark against
Towards an Integral Analysis of World Views in the Oligarchy. Part 1. ( Left and Right , Rich and Poor )
When dots connect up the doubling back qualities of Ariadne’s ball of string assume center stage.
I do believe its a question of collective consciousness concentration and a will to peace that defeats the “Gargoyles”
Tim Gielen made the excellent monopoly film.
Has a piece that is a primer for his next promised video in production.
“Our bodies are electromagnetic fields.
When we experience emotions like fear and hate, we emit lower frequencies than when we are cheerful, feeling love or happiness.
Scientific experiments have shown that certain cancer cells get destroyed when they are confronted with sound waves between 100,000 and 300,000 hz, while the surrounding healthy cells remain unharmed.
What I’m saying is that different life forms, or different forms in which consciousnes experiences a certain “reality”, thrive at different frequencies within the infinite spectrum, and many of those life forms cannot be perceived by human senses.
These are not fairy tales, but facts.
A certain frequency can have a stimulating effect on creature A, while the same frequency can have the opposite effect on creature B.
I’ll keep it short for now, but I’ll come back to this in detail in my upcoming video.”